After the poaching had died out rhinos and destroyed elephant communities, in 1964 Mikumi National Park was established.
The name comes from a particular species of palm tree, the borassus palm, which is called mikumiby local inhabitants.
The ecosystem of this park is closely connected with that of the Selous Game Reserve and it is a true wilderness.
More than a half of Mikumi National Park is covered by miombo woodlands and it has 200 km cycle lane spreading over an area of 3,230 km2.
Within the park, several habitats coexist side by side and they are rich in wildlife: all predators and many ornithological species.
It hosts a research centre for the study of yellow baboons.
When raining, the northern area becomes a swampland: it is the perfect occasion for watching hippos and waterbirds. On the contrary, the southern part is very dry and is characterized by acacias and sausage trees.