Dar es Salaam, the former capital city until 1974, is even today the political, commercial and cultural hub of the Country.
As coastal Indian Ocean city, it has a warm tropical climate throughout the year, much hotter from January to March.
The city is quite wide, but the most crowded part is the city centre, where the traffic becomes sometime annoying, and it is the biggest port of East Africa.
Following the Ocean Road and skirting the sea, you arrive at the Mzizima Fish Market. Besides going to the small port where fishing boats dock, you can buy fish, cross the road and have it cooked in one of the countless outdoor fried-food shops.
Proceeding along Kivukono Front, you can admire the Lutheran cathedral and, exploring more, you reach the square with the memorial to Askari soldiers, as well as the heart of the commercial area.
West to Dar es Salaam, in the area that during the colonial period was called Uswahilini, which was built for local African inhabitants, you get to the picturesque market of Kariakoowhere you can find whatever you need, and the streets are full of sellers with every kind of goods.
Kizutu hosts the substantial Indian community.
Dar, as Tanzanians call it, has two interesting museums: the National Museum in Shaaban Robert Street, with sections dedicated to Colonialism and human evolution; the Village Museum in Makumbusho Road, where traditional huts of a dozen ethnic groups were reconstructed with typical furnishings and goods: a fascinating anthropological example.
Just a curiosity: some streets were given the name of famous writers like Shaaban Robert or politicians like Mr Sokoine, former Prime Minister and most likely successor of Nyerere, prematurely dead in a car accident.